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钢结构工程施工中常见的问题可以这样解决!
编辑:深圳市金利亚钢结构有限公司   时间:2020-12-04

  钢结构工程施工因其自身优点,在桥梁、工业厂房、高层建筑等现代建筑中得到广泛应用。在大量的工程建设过程中,钢结构工程也暴露出不少质量通病。本文主要针对近年来在钢结构主体验收及竣工验收中的常见问题及整改措施谈一些看法。

1、GOUJIANDESHENGCHANZHIZUOWENTI

  MENSHIGANGJIASUOYONGDEBANJIANHENBO,ZUIBOKEYONGDAO4HAOMI。DUOBOBANDEXIALIAOYINGSHOUXUANJIANQIEFANGSHIERBIMIANYONGHUOYANQIEGE。YINWEIYONGHUOYANQIEGEHUISHIBANBIANCHANSHENGHENDADEBOLANGBIANXING。MUQIANHXINGGANGDEHANJIEDADUOSHUCHANGJIAJUNCAIYONGMAIHUZIDONGHANHUOBANZIDONGHAN。RUGUOKONGZHIBUHAOYIFASHENGHANJIEBIANXING,SHIGOUJIANWANQUHUONIUQU。

2、ZHUJIAOANZHUANGWENTI

  (1)YUMAIJIAN(MAOSHUAN)WENTIXIANXIANG:ZHENGTIHUOBUJUPIANYI;BIAOGAOYOUWU;SIKOUWEICAIQUBAOHUCUOSHI。ZHIJIEZAOCHENGGANGZHUDIBANLUOSHUANKONGBUDUIWEI,ZAOCHENGSIKOUZHANGDUBUGOU。

  CUOSHI:GANGJIEGOUSHIGONGDANWEIXIETONGTUJIANSHIGONGDANWEIYIQIWANCHENGYUMAIJIANGONGZUO,HUNNINGTUJIAODAOZHIQIAN。BIXUFUHEXIANGGUANCHICUNJIGUDINGLAOGU。

  (2)MAOSHUANBUCHUIZHIXIANXIANG:KUANGJIAZHUZHUJIAODIBANSHUIPINGDUCHA,MAOSHUANBUCHUIZHI,JICHUSHIGONGHOUYUMAIMAOSHUANSHUIPINGWUCHAPIANDA。ZHUZIANZHUANGHOUBUZAIYITIAOZHIXIANSHANG,DONGDAOXIWAI,SHIFANGWUWAIGUANHENNANKAN,JIGANGZHUANZHUANGDAILAIWUCHA,JIEGOUSHOULISHOUDAOYINGXIANG,BUFUHESHIGONGYANSHOUGUIFANYAOQIU。

  CUOSHI:MAOSHUANANZHUANGYINGJIANCHIXIANJIANGDIBANYONGXIABUDIAOZHENGLUOSHUANDIAOPING,ZAIYONGWUSHOUSUOSHAJIANGERCIGUANJIANGTIANSHI,GUOWAICIFASHIGONG。SUOYIMAOSHUANSHIGONGSHI,KECAIYONGCHUGANGJINHUOZHEJIAOGANGDENGGUDINGMAOSHUAN。HANCHENGLONGZHUANG,WANSHANZHICHENG,HUOCAIQUQITAYIXIEYOUXIAOCUOSHI,BIMIANJIAOGUANJICHUHUNNINGTUSHIMAOSHUANYIYIWEI。

  (3)MAOSHUANLIANJIEWENTIXIANXIANG:ZHUJIAOMAOSHUANWEININGJIN,DIANBANWEIYUDIBANHANJIE;BUFENWEILU2~3GESIKOUDEMAOSHUAN。

  CUOSHI:YINGCAIQUHANJIEMAOGANYULUOMAO;ZAIHUAXUEMAOSHUANWAIBU,YINGJIAHOUFANGHUOTULIAOYUGERECHULI,YIFANGSHIHUOSHIYINGXIANGMAOGUXINGNENG;YINGBUCEJICHUCHENJIANGGUANCEZILIAO。

3、LIANJIEWENTI

  (1)GAOQIANGLUOSHUANLIANJIE

  1)LUOSHUANZHUANGBEIMIANBUFUHEYAOQIU,ZAOCHENGLUOSHUANBUHAOANZHUANG,HUOZHELUOSHUANJINGUDECHENGDUBUFUHESHEJIYAOQIU。

  YUANYINFENXI:

  ①BIAOMIANYOUFUXIU、YOUWUDENGZAZHI,LUOSHUANKONGBIYOUMAOCI、HANLIUDENG。

  ②LUOSHUANANZHUANGMIANSUIJINGCHULIRENGYOUQUEXIAN。

  JIEJUEFANGFA:

  ①GAOQIANGLUOSHUANBIAOMIANFUXIU、YOUWUYIJILUOSHUANKONGBIMAOBING,YINGZHUGEQINGLIGANJING。SHIYONGQIANBIXUJINGFANGXIUCHULI,SHIPINZHUANGYONGDELUOSHUAN,BUDEZAIZHENGSHIPINZHUANGSHISHIYONG。LUOSHUANYINGYOUZHUANRENBAOGUANHEFAFANG。

  ②CHULIZHUANGPEIMIANYINGKAOLVDAOSHIGONGANZHUANGSHUNXU,FANGZHIZHONGFUJINXING,BINGJINLIANGZAIDIAOZHUANGZHIQIANCHULI。

  2)LUOSHUANSIKOUSUNSHANG,LUOGANBUNENGZIYOUXUANRULUOMU,YINGXIANGLUOSHUANDEZHUANGPEI。

  YUANYINFENXI:SIKOUYANZHONGXIUSHI。

  JIEJUEFANGFA:

  ①SHIYONGQIANLUOSHUANYINGJINXINGTIAOXUAN,QINGXICHUXIUHOUZUOYUPEI。

  ②SIKOUSUNSHANGDELUOSHUANBUNENGZUOLINSHILUOSHUANSHIYONG,YANJINQIANGXINGDAJINLUOKONG。

  ③YUXIANXUANPEIDELUOSHUANZUJIANYINGANTAOCUNFANG,SHIYONGSHIBUDEHUHUAN。

  (2)XIANCHANGHANFENGXIANXIANG:ZHILIANGNANYIBAOZHENG;SHEJIYAOQIUQUANHANTOUDEYI、ERJIHANFENGWEICAIYONGCHAOSHENGBOTANSHANG;LOUMIANZHULIANGYUZHUWEISHIHAN;WEICAIYONGYINHUBANSHIHAN。

  JIEJUEFANGFA:GANGJIEGOUSHIHANQIAN,DUIHANTIAODEHEGEZHENGJINXINGJIANCHA,ANSHEJIYAOQIUXUANYONGHANHANTIAO,ANSHUOMINGSHUHECAOZUOGUICHENGYAOQIUSHIYONGHANTIAO,HANFENGBIAOMIANBUDEYOULIEWEN、HANLIU,YI、ERJIHANFENGBUDEYOUQIKONG、JIAZHA、HUKENGLIEWEN,YIJIHANFENGBUDEYOUYAOBIAN、WEIMANHANDENGQUEXIAN,YI、ERJIHANFENGANYAOQIUJINXINGWUSUNJIANCE,ZAIGUIDINGDEHANFENGJIBUWEIYAOJIANCHAHANGONGDEGANGYIN。BUHEGEDEHANFENGBUDESHANZICHULI,DINGCHUXIUGAIGONGYIHOUZAICHULI,TONGYIBUWEIDEHANFENGFANXIUCISHUBUYICHAOGUOLIANGCI。

4、GOUJIANDEBIANXINGWENTI

  (1)GOUJIANZAIYUNSHUSHIFASHENGBIANXING,CHUXIANSIWANHUOHUANWAN,ZAOCHENGGOUJIANWUFAJINXINGANZHUANG。

  YUANYINFENXI:

  1)GOUJIANZHIZUOSHIYINHANJIECHANSHENGDEBIANXING,YIBANCHENGXIANHUANWAN。

  2)GOUJIANDAIYUNSHI,ZHIDIANDIANBUHELI,RUSHANGXIADIANMUBUCHUIZHIDENGHUODUIFANGCHANGDIFASHENGCHENXIAN,SHIGOUJIANCHANSHENGSIWANHUOHUANBIANXING。

  3)GOUJIANYUNSHUZHONGYINPENGZHUANGERCHANSHENGBIANXING,YIBANCHENGXIANSIWAN。

  YUFANGCUOSHI:

  1)GOUJIANZHIZUOSHI,CAIYONGJIANXIAOHANJIEBIANXINGDECUOSHI。

  2)ZUZHUANGHANJIEZHONG,CAIYONGFANFANGXIANGBIANXINGDENGCUOSHI,ZUZHUANGSHUNXUYINGFUCONGHANJIESHUNXU,SHIYONGZUZHUANGTAIJU,SHEZHIZUGOUDUODEZHIJIA,FANGZHIBIANXING。

  3)DAIYUNJIYUNSHUZHONG,ZHUYIDIANDIANDEHELIPEIZHI。

  JIEJUEFANGFA:

  1)GOUJIANSIWANBIANXING,YIBANCAIYONGJIXIEJIAOZHENGFAZHILI。JIYONGQIANJINDINGHUOQITAGONGJUJIAOZHENGHUOFUYIYANGYIGUIHUOYANKAOHOUJIAOZHENG。

  2)JIEGOUFASHENGHUANWANBIANXINGSHI,CAIQUYANGYIGUIHUOYANJIAREJIAOZHENG。

  (2)GANGLIANGGOUJIANPINZHUANGHOUQUANZHANGNIUQUCHAOGUOYUNXUZHI,ZAOCHENGGANGLIANGDEANZHUANGZHILIANGBULIANG。

  YUANYINFENXI:

  1)PINJIEGONGYIBUHELI。

  2)PINZHUANGJIEDIANCHICUNBUFUHESHEJIYAOQIU。

  JIEJUEFANGFA:

  1)PINZHUANGGOUJIANYAOSHEPINZHUANGGONGZUOTAI,DINGWEIHANSHIYAOJIANGGOUJIANDIMIANZHAOPING,FANGZHIQIAOQU。PINZHUANGGONGZUOTAIYINGGEZHIDIANSHUIPING,ZUHANZHONGYAOFANGZHICHUXIANHANJIEBIANXING。YOUQISHILIANGDUANHUOTIDAODEZUIHOUZUZHUANG,YAOZAIDINGWEIHANHOUDIAOZHENGBIANXING,ZHUYIJIEDIANCHICUNYAOFUHESHEJI,FOUZEYIZAOCHENGGOUJIANNIUQU。

  2)ZISHENGANGXINGJIAOCHADEGOUJIAN,FANSHENSHIHANQIANYAOJINXINGJIAGU,GOUJIANFANSHENHOUYEYINGJINXINGZHAOPING,FOUZEGOUJIANHANHOUWUFAJIAOZHENG。

  (3)GOUJIANQIGONG,SHUZHIDAGANHUOXIAOYUSHEJISHUZHI。GOUJIANQIGONGSHUZHIXIAOSHI,ANZHUANGHOULIANGXIANAO;QIGONGSHUZHIDASHI,YICHANSHENGJIMIANBIAOGAOCHAOBIAO。

  YUANYINFENXI:

  1)GOUJIANCHICUNBUFUHESHEJIYAOQIU。

  2)JIASHEGUOCHENGZHONG,WEIGENJUSHICEZHIYUJISUANZHIDECHURUJINXINGXIUZHENG。

  3)KUAJINGXIAODEQIAOLIANG,QIGONGDUJIAOXIAO,PINZHUANGSHIHUSHI。

  JIEJUEFANGFA:

  1)YANGEANGANGJIEGOUGOUJIANZHIZUOYUNXUPIANCHAJINXINGGEBUJIANYAN。

  2)ZAIJIASHEGUOCHENGZHONG,GANJIANQIEZHUANGWANBI,YIJIGONGDIJIETOUSHIGONGJIESHUHOU,DOUJINXINGSHANGGONGDUCELIANG,BINGZAISHIGONGZHONGDUIQITAJINXINGDIAOZHENG。

  3)ZAIXIAOPINZHUANGGUOCHENG,YINGYANGEKONGZHILEIJIPIANCHA,ZHUYICAIQUCUOSHI,XIAOCHUHANJIESHOUSUOLIANGDEYINGXIANG。

5、GANGJIEGOUANZHUANGWENTI

  (1)GANGZHUDIJIAOYOUKONGXIYUKONGCUOSHIGANGZHUDIAOZHUANGQIAN,YINGYANGEKONGZHIJICHUBIAOGAO,CELIANGZHUNQUE,BINGANQICELIANGZHIDUIJICHUBIAOMIANZIXIZHAOPING;RUCAIYONGERCIGUANJIANGFA,ZAIZHUJIAODIBANKAIJIAOGUANKONG(JIANZUOPAIQIKONG),LIYONGGANGDIANBANJIANGGANGZHUDIBUBUPINGCHUDIANPING,BINGYUXIANANSHEJIBIAOGAOANZHIHAOZHUJIAOZHIZUOGANGBAN,RANHOUCAIQUERCIGUANJIANG。

  (2)GANGZHUWEIYIYUKONGCUOSHIJIAOZHUHUNNINGTUJICHUQIAN,YINGYONGDINGXINGKAPANJIANGYUMAILUOSHUANANSHEJIWEIZHIKAZHU,YIFANGJIAOGUANHUNNINGTUSHIFASHENGWEIYI;ZHUDIGANGBANYULIUKONGYINGFANGDAYANG,QUEDINGKONGWEIHOUZAIZUOYULIUKONG。

  (3)ZHUCHUIZHIPIANCHAGUODAYUKONGCUOSHIGANGZHUYINGANJISUANDEDIAOGUADIANDIAOZHUANGJIUWEI,QIEBIXUCAIYONGERDIANYISHANGDEDIAOZHUANGFANGFA,DIAOZHUANGSHIYINGJINXINGLINSHIGUDING,YIFANGDIAOZHUANGBIANXING;ZHUJIUWEIHOUYINGJISHIZENGSHELINSHIZHICHENG;DUICHUIZHIPIANCHA,YINGZAIGUDINGQIANYUYIXIUZHENG。

ZONGJIE

  ZHIYOUZAISHIGONGGUANLIGUOCHENGZHONG,JIAQIANGDUIJISHURENYUAN、GONGRENDUIGUIFANBIAOZHUNHECAOZUOGUICHENGDEPEIXUNXUEXI,QIESHIZUOHAOKAIGONGQIANDEZHUNBEI,JIAQIANGSHIGONGGUOCHENGZHONGDEZHILIANGKONGZHIHEJIANDUJIANCHA,JIJIFAHUISHIGONG、JIANLIDENGGEFANGMIANDEZUOYONG,ZUOHAOGEFENXIANGGONGCHENGDEGONGXUYANSHOUGONGZUO,CAINENGBAOZHENGGANGJIEGOUGONGCHENGDEZHENGTIZHILIANG。


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